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算法之深度优先搜索(DFS)及动画演示

阅读量:849
更新时间:2023-08-26 21:57:37

效果预览:效果预览
源码下载:关注公众号【RMRF】,回复【algorithm2】可获取源码

深度优先搜索(Depth-First Search,DFS)是一种在图或树等数据结构中遍历节点的算法,它从起始节点开始,逐步深入地探索每一个分支,直到到达末端节点,然后回溯并继续探索其他分支。

一、HTML

<template>
  <div class="bfs">
    <div class="header">
      <el-button @click="back">返回</el-button>
      <el-button type="primary" @click="createDarriers">生成障碍物</el-button>
      <el-button type="warning" @click="search">开始</el-button>
    </div>
    <div id="canvas">
      <div class="container">
        <div v-for="(item, key) in boxList" :key="`item${key}`" class="item">
          <div v-for="(itemTwo, keyTwo) in item" :key="`box${keyTwo}`" class="box" :class="getBoxStyle(itemTwo)"></div>
        </div>
      </div>
    </div>
  </div>
</template>

二、TypeScript

import { onMounted, reactive, toRefs } from "vue";
import { useRouter } from 'vue-router';
interface IRect {
  x: number
  y: number
}
const state = reactive({
  boxList: [] as number[][],
  start: [] as number[],
  end: [] as number[],
  startX: 0,
  startY: 0,
  directions: [
    [-1, 0], // 上
    [0, 1],  // 右
    [1, 0],  // 下
    [0, -1]  // 左
  ],
  path: [] as number[][]
})
let timer: NodeJS.Timer
let visited = new Set()

const { boxList } = toRefs(state)
onMounted(() => {
  init()
})

/**
 * @desc: 初始化
 * @return {*}
 */
const init = () => {
  createGrid()
}
/**
 * @desc: 生成网格图形
 * @return {*}
 */
const createGrid = () => {
  state.boxList = []
  for (let x = 0; x < 50; x++) {
    state.boxList[x] = []
    for (let y = 0; y < 50; y++) {
      state.boxList[x][y] = 0
    }
  }
}
/**
 * @desc: 生成障碍物
 * @return {*}
 */
const createDarriers = () => {
  clearInterval(timer)
  createGrid()
  let i = 0
  const rectList: IRect[] = []
  do {
    let x = Math.round(Math.random() * 49)
    let y = Math.round(Math.random() * 49)
    let newRect: IRect = {
      x: x,
      y: y
    }
    let overlapping = false;
    for (const rect of rectList) {
      if (newRect.x === rect.x && newRect.y === rect.y) {
        overlapping = true
        break
      }
    }
    if (!overlapping) {
      state.boxList[x][y] = 1
      i++
    }
  } while (i < 500)
  createStartEnd()
}
/**
 * @desc: 生成起点和终点
 * @return {*}
 */
const createStartEnd = () => {
  for (let i = 0; i < 2; i++) {
    let x = Math.round(Math.random() * 49)
    let y = Math.round(Math.random() * 49)
    let val = 2
    if (i === 0) {
      val = 2
      state.start = [x, y]
    } else {
      val = 3
      state.end = [x, y]
    }
    state.boxList[x][y] = val
  }
}
/**
 * @desc: 搜索
 * @return {*}
 */
const search = () => {
  state.path = []
  visited.clear()
  state.startX = state.start[0]
  state.startY = state.start[1]
  function dfs(x: number, y: number) {
    if (!isValid(x, y)) {
      return false
    }
    if (state.boxList[x][y] === 1) {
      return false
    }
    if (state.boxList[x][y] === 5) {
      return false
    }
    if (state.boxList[x][y] === 3) {
      state.path.push([x, y])
      return true
    }
    state.path.push([x, y])
    if (state.boxList[x][y] !== 2) {
      state.boxList[x][y] = 5
    }
    if (dfs(x, y + 1) || dfs(x, y - 1) || dfs(x + 1, y) || dfs(x - 1, y)) {
      return true
    }
  }
  dfs(state.startX, state.startY)
  setPath(state.path)
}
/**
 * @desc: 设置路径
 * @param {*} pathList
 * @return {*}
 */
const setPath = (pathList: number[][]) => {
  let currentKey = 0;
  const setPathTimer = (i: number) => {
    const path = pathList[i]
    let x = path[0]
    let y = path[1]
    if (x == state.start[0] && y === state.start[1]) {
      state.boxList[x][y] = 2
    } else if (x == state.end[0] && y === state.end[1]) {
      state.boxList[x][y] = 3
    } else {
      state.boxList[x][y] = 4
    }

  }
  clearInterval(timer)
  timer = setInterval(() => {
    if (currentKey < pathList.length) {
      setPathTimer(currentKey)
      currentKey++
    } else {
      clearInterval(timer)
    }
  }, 20)
}
/**
 * @desc: 判断当前坐标是否超出范围
 * @param {*} x
 * @param {*} y
 * @return {*}
 */
const isValid = (x: number, y: number) => {
  if (x < 0 || x >= state.boxList.length) {
    return false
  }
  if (y < 0 || y >= state.boxList[0].length) {
    return false
  }
  return true
}
/**
 * @desc: 获取当前障碍物样式
 * @param {*} val 状态:0=正常|1=障碍物|2=起点|3=终点|4=路径|5=已访问
 * @return {string} class 样式 
 */
const getBoxStyle = (val: number) => {
  if (val === 0) {
    return 'normal'
  } else if (val === 1) {
    return 'darriers'
  } else if (val === 2) {
    return 'start'
  } else if (val === 3) {
    return 'end'
  } else if (val === 4) {
    return 'path'
  } else {
    return 'visited'
  }
}

const router = useRouter()
/**
 * @desc: 返回
 * @return {*}
 */
const back = () => {
  router.push('/')
}

三、CSS

.bfs {
  padding: 20px;

  .header {
    height: 50px;
  }

  #canvas {
    display: flex;
    align-items: center;
    justify-content: center;
    background-color: #eee;
    border: 1px solid #666;
    height: calc(100vh - 92px);

    .container {
      display: flex;
      width: 500px;
      height: 500px;
      border: 1px solid #666;

      .item {
        box-sizing: border-box;

        .box {
          width: 10px;
          height: 10px;
          box-sizing: border-box;
          background-color: #999;

          &.normal {
            background-color: #999;
          }

          &.darriers {
            background-color: #333;
          }

          &.start {
            background-color: #12ff36;
          }

          &.end {
            background-color: red;
          }

          &.path {
            background-color: #4afffc;
          }

          &.visited {
            background-color: #f6ff00;
          }
        }
      }
    }
  }
}